The problem most often addressed in a sofa is the legal protection against lawsuits granted to American personnel while they are present in a foreign country. The agreement defines the contracting party that is able to assert criminal and/or civil jurisdiction. In other words, the agreement defines how national civil and criminal laws apply to U.S. personnel while serving in a foreign country. The United States has agreements in which it has exclusive jurisdiction, but the common agreement leads to a shared jurisdiction between the United States and the signatory country. Exclusive jurisdiction is where the United States retains the right to exercise all criminal and disciplinary jurisdictions in the event of a violation of the laws of the foreign nation while the person is present in that country. Shared jurisdiction occurs when each party to the agreement retains exclusive jurisdiction for certain criminal offences, but also allows the United States to require the host country to remove jurisdiction in favor of the United States, which exercises criminal and disciplinary jurisdiction. The right to exercise responsibility for U.S. personnel is not limited to the time a person is in a military facility. It can also cover the people of the facility. The right to jurisdiction may give rise to full immunity from the laws of the host country while the person is in that country. The security agreement contains other rules and requirements that have traditionally not been included in U.S. SOFS, including the combat operations provisions of U.S.
forces. Operations carried out by US forces in accordance with the agreement must be approved by the Iraqi government and coordinated with the Iraqi authorities by a joint committee coordinating military operations. U.S. forces may also arrest or arrest individuals in connection with operations under the agreement. More broadly, the security agreement provides for « strategic consultations » between the parties in the event of external or internal threats or aggression against Iraq and provides that the United States « takes appropriate measures, including diplomatic, economic or military measures, » as agreed by the parties, to deter the threat. In 1993, the countries signed a SOFA.104 The agreement was extended on 19 September 1994; April 28, 1995; November 29, December 1 and December 8, 1995.